Laboratory of Innate Immunity and Cell Death Publication

PUBLICATION

Single cell analysis of PANoptosome cell death complexes through an expansion microscopy method
Author
Wang Y.; Pandian N.; Han J.-H.; Sundaram B.; Lee S.J.; Karki R.; Guy C.S.; Kanneganti T.-D.
Journal
Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences
Status
2022 Sep 28
Vol
79(10)
Page
531
Year
2022
File
51_2022_Single cell analysis of PANoptosome cell death complexes through an expansion microscopy method.pdf (1.4M) 11회 다운로드 DATE : 2023-12-29 15:36:03

Abstract

In response to infection or sterile insults, inflammatory programmed cell death is an essential component of the innate immune response to remove infected or damaged cells. PANoptosis is a unique innate immune inflammatory cell death pathway regulated by multifaceted macromolecular complexes called PANoptosomes, which integrate components from other cell death pathways. Growing evidence shows that PANoptosis can be triggered in many physiological conditions, including viral and bacterial infections, cytokine storms, and cancers. However, PANoptosomes at the single cell level have not yet been fully characterized. Initial investigations have suggested that key pyroptotic, apoptotic, and necroptotic molecules including the inflammasome adaptor protein ASC, apoptotic caspase-8 (CASP8), and necroptotic RIPK3 are conserved components of PANoptosomes. Here, we optimized an immunofluorescence procedure to probe the highly dynamic multiprotein PANoptosome complexes across various innate immune cell death-inducing conditions. We first identified and validated antibodies to stain endogenous mouse ASC, CASP8, and RIPK3, without residual staining in the respective knockout cells. We then assessed the formation of PANoptosomes across innate immune cell death-inducing conditions by monitoring the colocalization of ASC with CASP8 and/or RIPK3. Finally, we established an expansion microscopy procedure using these validated antibodies to image the organization of ASC, CASP8, and RIPK3 within the PANoptosome. This optimized protocol, which can be easily adapted to study other multiprotein complexes and other cell death triggers, provides confirmation of PANoptosome assembly in individual cells and forms the foundation for a deeper molecular understanding of the PANoptosome complex and PANoptosis to facilitate therapeutic targeting.

Keywords: AIM2; ASC; Apoptosis; Caspase-1; Caspase-8; Cell death; HSV-1; IFN; Infection; Inflammasome; Inflammation; Influenza; Innate immunity; KPT-330; Method; Microscopy; NLRP3; Necroptosis; PANoptosis; PANoptosome; Protocol; Pyroptosis; RIPK3; ZBP1.